These start in cells that line the upper part of the anus near the rectum. Cancer may spread from where it began to other parts of the body. In choosing your treatment plan, you and your cancer care team will also take into account your age, your overall health, and your personal preferences. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional. In many cases, part of the chemotherapy is delivered through a small tube called a peripherally inserted central catheter in your arm, which can stay in place until your treatment has finished. An exam of the anus and lower rectum using a short, lighted tube called an anoscope.
Tumor is larger than 2 centimeters but not greater than or equal to 5 centimeters Stage 3A:
If the growth is in the anal canal, this can often be done through the scope itself. Some warts, for example, contain areas of dysplasia that can develop into cancer. Anything that increases your chance of getting anal cancer is a risk factor. But the role of this virus in causing anal adenocarcinomas is less certain. A short tube with a camera is inserted into the anus to the rectum.